The “Health passport” or “Vaccine passport” developed by the European Union, which aims to facilitate travels and revive the tourism sector as summer holidays approach, aims to prove that the person does not have the risk of Covid-19 transmission.
The vaccine passport, which will be in the form of digital or paper with a QR code, will contain information that the people are vaccinated against Covid-19, PCR or rapid antigen test result or cured the disease.
VACCINES APPROVED BY EMA
It was stated that only vaccines approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) will be accepted in the vaccine passport, which will be valid in 27 countries of the EU. The vaccines approved by the European Medicines Agency, which has given the green light to 4 vaccines so far, were Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZenaca and Johnson & Johnson vaccines.
Sinovac and Sputnik vaccines are expected to be approved by EMA in order to be included in the passport. The Sputnik vaccine entered the evaluation process by the EMA on March 4, but it was stated that Sinovac does not have an agreement with the European Union (EU) and no request for permission has not been made public.
THE OBLIGATION OF THE PASSPORT IS NOT SPECIFIED
No definite statement has been made about the obligation of the vaccine passport, which is expected to be used on June 15. To take effect before the summer, the document needs to be studied and approved by the Council and the Members of the European Parliament.
It has been reported that each EU country will continue to accept those from outside the EU with the vaccine if possible, or with a negative PCR test result.
The introduction of the green passport (vaccine passport) has sparked some criticism within the EU. Several countries, including France and Germany, highlighted the risk that the passport could cause inequality and discrimination between vaccinated and unvaccinated European citizens.