It was announced that the solar storm, which was last seen 439 years ago and caused frightening effects on the world, is at the door again.
WHAT IS A SUN STORM?
A geomagnetic storm, or solar storm as it is known, is an event of temporary disruption of the Earth’s magnetosphere caused by a solar wind shock wave or magnetic field cloud that interacts with the Earth’s magnetic field.
In the dark colored “sunspots” on the surface of the sun, rays and plasma explosions occur as a result of a kind of short circuit in the sun’s magnetic field. As a result of these explosions, rays such as x-rays or ultraviolet rays are emitted. Experts state that a big explosion could throw billions of tons of matter into millions of kilometers deep into space.
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF A SUN STORM?
Solar storms negatively affect the work of communication and GPS satellites, and radio connections with aircraft flying to regions close to the poles. Experts note that a violent storm could collapse even electrical and communication networks on Earth.
The 1859 SOLAR STORM: THE CARRINGTON EVENT
The 1859 solar storm, also known as the Carrington Event, is a powerful geomagnetic solar storm that happened during solar cycle 10 in 1859. The phenomenon, also known as the “white light flash”, was observed by British astronomers Richard Carrington and Richard Hodgson.
From August 28, 1859 to September 2, 1859, numerous sunspots were observed on the Sun. Before noon on September 1, British amateur astronomers named Richard Carrington and Richard Hodgson made observations of the first solar flame. While it took 17.6 hours to arrive on Earth, it caused a large coronal mass ejection (CME) to come directly to Earth.
Recorded by British astronomers, the event has been recorded in different parts of the world, particularly in Scotland, Australia and the Caribbean.
It triggered the strongest solar storm ever known that could affect Earth’s magnetosphere. During the storm, it was recorded that powerful auroral images appeared, there was a great illumination in the sky and great damage to the telegraph systems.
In June 2013, an additional group of researchers from Lloyd’s of London and Atmospheric and Environmental Research (AER) in the United States used these data from the Carrington Event to calculate how much the world economy was affected, and the damage was $ 2.6 trillion.