According to data from Statista, a statistics company based in Germany, between 1960 and 2021, 58 countries were run by a woman at regular intervals. In the last 50 years, 13 countries have had more than one female leader.
While New Zealand and Finland were the countries with the most women leaders between 1960 and 2021, women were never brought to the leadership in 119 countries.
Six women leaders around the world also remained in power for more than 10 years. Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina Wecid is one of the women leaders who serve her country by staying in office for the longest time. Hasina, who came to power from time to time and is still in office, led Bangladesh for about 17 years.
Indira Gandhi, who is the prime minister of India from time to time, follows Hasina in the ranking of women who have held the leadership for the longest time. With nearly 16 years in office, Gandhi became India’s first and only female prime minister.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who came to power consecutively, is one of the female leaders who held the position for the longest time with her 15-year term.
Former Prime Minister of Dominica, Eugenia Charles, remained in office for nearly 15 years, while former President of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, was also successively elected and led her country for 12 years.
THE NUMBER OF WOMEN WHO HAVE TAKEN TO THE COUNTRIES IN THE LAST 12 YEARS HAS RAPIDLY INCREASED
The number of women who came to managerial positions in their country has increased rapidly in the last 12 years.
Despite this increase, the number of women in leadership positions worldwide did not exceed 19 in one year. Thus, women leaders made up less than 10 percent of the number of male leaders.
According to the UN Secretary General’s report dated December 21, 2020, while women held around 21 percent of ministerial positions worldwide, the proportion of women in the cabinet was above 50 percent in 14 countries.
In addition, in 2020, 25 percent of the members of all national parliaments were women.
Rwanda, the highest country with 61 percent, was followed by Cuba and Bolivia with 53 percent, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with 50 percent.
Women’s representation in national parliaments was 40 percent or more in 9 European, 5 Latin America and Caribbean, 4 African and one Asia-Pacific countries.
This rate was recorded to be the lowest in the Pacific island states with 6 percent.
THE NUMBER OF WOMEN INCREASED IN INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
The number of women executives in international organizations, mostly composed of UN-affiliated organizations, has also increased rapidly in the last 4 years.
In January 2017, Antonio Guterres, who became the UN Secretary-General, pledged to ensure gender equality among senior executives of UN agencies. With the special effort of Guterres in this regard, the number of women who were appointed to managerial positions in the organization increased.
The proportion of women in appointments rose above 50 percent for the first time in 2017, according to data from the Center for International Cooperation (CIC) of New York University (CIC) on senior executive appointments held within the UN.
Throughout 2020, 20 women were appointed to senior positions by the UN Secretariat General.
The data of the Trade Experettes Organization, created by women experts working in international organizations around the world, showed that 33 of 291 people who have been promoted to senior leadership positions in 30 major international organizations around the world are women.
On the other hand, in 14 of the 30 major organizations, it was noted that women have not held senior management positions to date.
AN AFRICAN WOMAN TAKES THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, who was appointed as the Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on March 1, 2021, became the first woman and the first African to be appointed to this post. Iwela’s assumption of the leadership of the WTO, expected to remain in office until August 31, 2025, was described by the organization as a “historic moment”.
Iweala, who twice served as the Finance Ministry, shortly the Foreign Ministry and the World Bank’s Executive Director of Operations, was the head of the Global Vaccine Alliance before taking office.
A WOMAN MANAGER IS AT THE HEAD OF THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK
French Christine Lagarde was appointed head of the European Central Bank (ECB) on 1 November 2019.
Lagarde became the first female president to take office since the Bank was founded in 1998.
Lagarde served as the Ministry of Economy in 2007-2011 and the chair of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 2011-2019, before becoming the head of the ECB. Christine Lagarde was also the first female chairman of the IMF.
According to the research conducted by the Official Money and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF) in March 2020, only 14 of the 173 central banks around the world are run by women.
INTERNATIONAL MONEY FUND (IMF)
Kristalina Georgieva, of Bulgarian origin, was appointed IMF Chairperson on September 25, 2019. Georgieva became the second woman to hold this post after Christine Lagarde.
Prior to joining the IMF, Georgieva served as the European Commission’s vice president for budget and human resources until 2016, and served as the World Bank Chief Executive Officer (CEO) in 2017-2019.
Audrey Azoulay was appointed as the Director-General of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) on 10 November 2017.
Azoulay became the second woman to sit in this seat after Irina Bokova, who served in 2009-2017.
UNESCO, one of the leading organizations in the world, has been run by women for nearly 12 years.
German Ursula von der Leyen was appointed as the President of the Council of Europe on 1 December 2019. Thus, she became the first woman to head the Council, the executive body of the European Union (EU).
Von der Leyen also served as the Minister of Defense of Germany before taking the post of president.
Winnie Byanyima from Uganda was appointed Executive Director of the UN AIDS agency (UNAIDS) in August 2019.
Byanyima became the first woman to take this position since 1995, when the Agency was established.
WOMEN’S DAY BORN WITH A GREAT FACT