Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, known as Caligula, was the third Roman emperor and ruled for a short time between 37 and 41 AD. While accompanying his father, General Germanicus, in a region known today as Germany, he took his nickname from the small soldier boot he wore.
Records during the first six months of Caligula’s reign indicate that he was initially considered a noble and moderate emperor. However, historical documents from this period portray him as an insane tyrant: an emperor with sadistic, extravagant and sexual perversions. It is stated that he killed thousands of people for his pleasure during his time.
It is alleged that he wanted to make his favorite horse Incitatus a consul and the animal eventually turned into a priest. Following his poor rule, he was killed by several officers of the Praetorian Guard at the beginning of his attempt to rebuild the Roman Republic, which resulted in his uncle Claudius being appointed emperor in 41 AD.