The center of the new type of corona virus epidemic has steadily shifted to low and middle-income countries, causing massive illness and death in Latin America and poor Asian countries. While corona virus cases approached 157 million worldwide, the number of deaths exceeded 3 million 272 thousand. In 2021 alone, more than 1.4 million deaths were recorded globally, with most of these losses in countries such as India, Brazil, Thailand and Cambodia. Experts warned that this year the daily deaths increased by an average of 13,000 and could exceed the 1.8 million deaths recorded for the whole of 2020 in the coming months.
Scientists have announced that the center of the Covid-19 epidemic has shifted to poor countries in Latin America and Asia due to the rapidly advancing vaccination studies in the west.
However, India continues to set world records in new cases, with the virus upsetting hospitals in many states. According to government data, India reported more than 400,000 new daily cases a week for the second time, bringing the total number of infections to over 21 million, but not only India in the east was affected by the crisis caused by the corona virus.
From Nepal and Iran to Uruguay and Argentina, Covid-19 deaths are on the rise and health systems are collapsing. New variants of the Corona virus are moving faster than overworked labs can track them down. Uruguay’s Minister of Health, Daniel Salinas, said, “We are in the middle of a war. We do not know when a new crisis will emerge.”
On the other hand, at the beginning of the year, Europe and North America were at the center of the Covid-19 storm, and both continents recorded 72 percent of daily global cases and 73 percent of daily deaths in the midst of a winter wave that affected the rich world. These regions now account for 22 percent of cases and 28 percent of deaths; Latin America, Asia and Africa together comprise 78 percent of daily cases and 72 percent of deaths.
The West’s return has largely been through mass vaccination. Many of the US and EU countries are now waiting for a summer in which they will recover economically and far from hard lockdowns. But this change may not be permanent: Corona virus has risen and fluttered unpredictably since its emergence, regardless of countries.
Scientists have warned that mutations of the corona virus that can escape from vaccines can cause severe outbreaks in countries such as India because it is in the incubation and then spread to the West. Experts stated that the spread of vaccines in poor countries is therefore very important, and that this could be accelerated by vaccine donations from richer countries and a worldwide increase in vaccine production.
Epidemiologists and public health experts say the West needs to move faster to help the developing world contain the pandemic with vaccines. He states that this should only be done to save the lives of people in poor countries, to reduce the risk of the virus returning to their home country.
Nepal’s Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Oli called for international assistance as the corona virus was rapidly advancing through the small Himalayan republic, saying, “Because we live in an interconnected world, such epidemics do not spare anyone and no one is safe.”
On the other hand, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that more than 91 thousand deaths occurred with 5.6 million new Covid-19 cases worldwide in the last seven days.
India alone accounted for almost half of these cases and a quarter of the deaths. In Brazil, about 17 thousand deaths were reported. On a per capita basis, Covid-19 deaths recorded last week rose in Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, Thailand, Colombia and Eastern Europe, as well as India and Brazil.
Thailand recorded five times more Covid-19 cases last April than the same period in 2020. Infections in the Philippines reached new heights last month. Avoiding major epidemics in the first year of the pandemic, Cambodia has reported hundreds of infections every day in recent weeks, leading to strict restrictions that severely affect its citizens.
However, the African continent has largely avoided the last wave by reporting 57,000 confirmed Covid-19 deaths so far this year, compared to 65,000 deaths in 2020. “The disease is out of control in many parts of the world and potentially out of control in other relatively protected areas,” said Martin McKee, a European professor of public health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.