Earlier this month, at least 243 Palestinians, including dozens of children, were killed in the 11-day conflict between Israel and Hamas, health clinics were destroyed, and high-rise residences were blown up. According to a new report by the non-governmental organization Action on Armed Violence, 90 percent of the people who died in Palestine were civilians. The authors of the study found that in the last 10 years, 91 percent of all military and terrorist attacks with explosive weapons in the world, especially in Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan and Palestine, were civilians who died or were injured. The researchers called for an international regulation on the use of explosive weapons.
Globally, 91 percent of those killed or injured by explosive weapons in densely populated areas globally were civilians, according to a new report by the UK-based NGO Action on Armed Violence. These figures correspond to a total of 238 thousand 892 people, including children.
Covering both military and terrorist attacks, the authors of the report urged governments to adopt an international ban on the use of explosive weapons in residential areas.
Iain Overton, director of the Action Against Armed Violence, said the evidence has made it clear that missiles and bombs designed to be used against military targets do more harm to civilians than soldiers. Overton said, “When bombs are used in towns and cities, civilians are harmed. The same situation continues in Gaza today, as in Iraq for 10 years.”
However, in the study, it was stated that 29 thousand news from 123 countries recorded in the English media were examined. It was stated that the deadliest incident was the explosion of a truck bomb organized by the Al Shabaab terrorist organization in Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia, in October 2017. More than 500 of the victims were killed in the attack.
On the other hand, Ireland is leading international efforts to create an international political declaration aimed at “restricting the use of explosive weapons” in densely populated areas and received EU support in January. The declaration is expected to be discussed at the UN meeting in Geneva later this year. However, while other countries such as the US, Britain, Israel and France expressed their reservations about the declaration, Russia announced that it did not agree with the proposal.
Earlier this month, during the 11-day conflict between Israel and Hamas, many civilians, including dozens of children, were killed by explosive violence, most of them in Gaza and Israeli densely populated areas. At least 243 Palestinians were killed in airstrikes, medical facilities destroyed and high-rise residences blown up.
On the other hand, the Action Against Armed Violence announced that since May 2011, 357,370 deaths and injuries have been recorded due to explosive weapons all over the world, especially in Iraq, Syria and Palestine, and 73 percent of them are civilians. This rate rose to 91 percent in densely populated areas.
The country most affected by civilian casualties was Syria, with 92,831 recorded deaths, 84 percent of which were civilians, devastated by civil war for most of the ten years studied. While the attacks of the Assad regime were responsible for seven out of 10 casualties in Syria, Daesh and other groups were behind the rest.
Iraq was the second most affected country with 73,471 recorded deaths or injuries from the war with Daesh, followed by Afghanistan with 49,107 civilian deaths, Pakistan with 29,66 civilian deaths, and Yemen with 24,498 civilian deaths.
Gaza, on the other hand, was the ninth most affected region with 5,700 civilian casualties among 764 incidents. It was stated that 90 percent of the victims were civilians.