Defined as the biggest chemical attack targeting civilians in human history today, Halabja Massacreanniversary of …
Over 40,000 people lived in the town of Halabja, which was captured by Kurdish fighters who took the side of Iran on March 15, 1988.
The Iraqi army, under Saddam Hussein, hit the town, which was under Kurdish control, both with warplanes and artillery. Thereupon, while Kurdish fighters in Halabja and most of the men in the town retreated to the surrounding mountains, children, women and the elderly were left behind.
The next day, Iraqi warplanes rained poisonous gas bombs for five hours in Halabja, about 11 kilometers from the Iranian border.
Those who witnessed those moments say that the “apple-scented” gases inside the bombs falling on the city started to spread throughout the city within a few minutes.
The result was terrible: close to 5 thousand people died.
The Doctors Without Borders team, who first arrived at the scene, confirmed the use of mustard gas. This team of Belgian and Dutch doctors reported that cyanide was probably among the poisons used.
Saddam Hussein, who was overthrown in Iraq in 2003, was tried by being held responsible for the deaths of 180,000 people as part of the Anfal Movement he carried out against the Kurds.
However, he was hanged in 2006 with the death sentence he received from another sentence. After his death, he was found guilty in the trial he was tried for “genocide” against Kurds.
Saddam Hussein’s cousin Ali Hasan al-Mecid, nicknamed “Chemical Ali,” was executed in 2010 for ordering poison gas attacks, including the Halabja massacre.
fleeing from the area after the chemical attack on Halabja, 500 thousand people had taken refuge in Turkey.
Most of the refugees were settled in camps established in Diyarbakır, Muş and Mardin.